Poor water supply and sanitation has long been regarded as a constraint to inclusive economic growth. Where people do not have access to clean water and good sanitation, they are likely to suffer a myriad of complications that affect their health and economic potential. Women and children often spend time drawing water for household use, and time is taken away from economic activities and school. These communities are often susceptible to water-borne diseases, with time and money spent caring for patients. The ill health suffered also limits the productive capacity of individuals. The disease burden limits these residents’ potential economic freedom, and as such, the Lusaka Water Supply, Sanitation and Drainage (LWSSD) project is critical in addressing these issues.
Consequently, the GRZ decided in February 2010 that the LWSSD project be prioritised for further development and was submitted to MCC for consideration. The scope of the project is meant to address the following areas:
- To improve sewerage systems by extending existing conventional sewers and facilities to un-serviced areas. The project specific activities will include: upgrading the capacities of trunk sewer lines and to rehabilitate sewerage treatment and disposal works; rehabilitation of Iolanda water treatment works; drilling and equipping of boreholes; upgrading Chilanga booster pumping station; repairing the 36” transmission line from Kafue; strengthening of the core distribution network; extending secondary and tertiary networks; reduction of non-revenue water; and construction of water kiosks in some peri-urban areas.
- To improve solid waste management through promotion of community-based enterprises. Specific proposed interventions include increasing collection points, and the number and capacity of the community-based refuse collectors conducting this service.
- To improve drainage by constructing new primary outfall drains and upgrading existing drains, constructing culverts and foot bridges, which will improve water flow and help pedestrians traverse big drains and streams.
- To promote health and hygiene through education and sensitisation campaigns.
Partners for the Lusaka Water Supply, Sanitation and Drainage Project
Ministry of Local Government and Housing (MLGH)
In accordance with the Government Gazette No. 547 of 2004, the MLGH is charged with the administration of the local government system and ensuring that the people of Zambia are provided with the necessary municipal services. The Ministry’s main responsibilities are the co-ordination of Local Government Administration; Chiefs’ Affairs and House of Chiefs; regulation and provision of social amenities; urban planning and regional planning; water supply and sanitation; provision of housing; provision of municipal infrastructure services and support services; valuation of property; provision of feeder, community and urban roads and co-ordination of the implementation of the National Decentralisation Policy.
Lusaka City Council (LCC)
The Lusaka City Council is a corporate body and agent of central government, LCC has delegated functions to provide services to residents of the city under the Local Government Act CAP 281. The 1991 Local Government Act and the Local Government Elections Act (with amendments) provides the institutional framework for the administration of Lusaka as a local authority and the holding of elections. LCC has seven elected Members of Parliament, one from each constituency; and thirty-three councillors, one from each ward.
LCC consists of eight departments of which the Engineering Department is responsible for the provision of infrastructure (roads, drainage, and streetlights), fire brigade, maintenance of open spaces, parks and gardens.
LCC is represented on the LWSSDP Board by the Town Clerk.
Lusaka Water and Sewerage Company (LWSC)
In 1988, the Government facilitated the de-linkage of the Department of Water and Sewerage from the Lusaka City Council (LCC) in order to form the Lusaka Water and Sewerage Company Limited (LWSC) under the Company’s Act. LCC’s Department of Water and Sewerage was thus transformed into a commercial utility company with a view to provide water supply and sanitation services within its area of jurisdiction, which was then the greater Lusaka City. However since 2008, the area of jurisdiction and operating license of LWSC has been extended to cover the whole of Lusaka province and now includes the councils of Chongwe, Kafue and Luangwa as the new shareholders of the company.